Henri ROUSSEAU (French, 1844-1910) ✿

 Henri Rousseau's Dream Garden by Frances Broomfield
Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (21 May 1844 – 2 September 1910) was a French post-impressionist painter in the Naïve or Primitive manner. He was also known as Le Douanier (the customs officer), a humorous description of his occupation as a toll and tax collector. He started painting seriously in his early forties; by age 49, he retired from his job to work on his art full-time.
Ridiculed during his lifetime by critics, he came to be recognized as a self-taught genius whose works are of high artistic quality. Rousseau's work exerted an extensive influence on several generations of avant-garde artists.
From 1886, he exhibited regularly in the Salon des Indépendants, and, although his work was not placed prominently, it drew an increasing following over the years. Tiger in a Tropical Storm (Surprised!) was exhibited in 1891, and Rousseau received his first serious review when the young artist Félix Vallotton wrote: "His tiger surprising its prey ought not to be missed; it's the alpha and omega of painting." Yet it was more than a decade before Rousseau returned to depicting his vision of jungles.
In 1893, Rousseau moved to a studio in Montparnasse where he lived and worked until his death in 1910. In 1897, he produced one of his most famous paintings, La Bohémienne endormie (The Sleeping Gypsy).
In 1905, Rousseau's large jungle scene The Hungry Lion Throws Itself on the Antelope was exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants near works by younger leading avant-garde artists such as Henri Matisse, in what is now seen as the first showing of The Fauves. Rousseau's painting may even have influenced the naming of the Fauves.
In 1907, he was commissioned by artist Robert Delaunay's mother, Berthe, Comtesse de Delaunay, to paint The Snake Charmer.

Rousseau was born in Laval, Mayenne, France, in 1844 into the family of a tinsmith; he was forced to work there as a small boy. He attended Laval High School as a day student, and then as a boarder after his father became a debtor and his parents had to leave the town upon the seizure of their house. Though mediocre in some of his high school subjects, Rousseau won prizes for drawing and music.The symbolists praise him for his mastery in the use of color, Pablo Picasso and Paul Gauguin see in the primitive and exotic figuration of his works an attempt to return to the origins and liberation of the unconscious, Vasily Kandinsky finds there a search for spirituality for sure verses similar to his. He continues to paint and exhibit with little commercial success, so much so that he is almost always burdened with debt, until his death.

3 commenti:

  1. Hello, The first picture on your website of Henri Rousseau riding a tiger was not painted by Henri Rousseau, I am the artist who painted this picture Henri Rousseau's Dream Garden my name is Frances Broomfield, please credit my name on your website, merci bien Frances

  2. Thank you for explaining this. When I just now saw this image, I felt instinctively that it was not Rousseau!
    Joelle Shefts


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